Why Know Water ?

India is currently grappling with the worst water crisis in its history. Millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat. According to the composite water index report released by NITI Aayog in 2018, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress with about 2 lakh people dying every year due to inadequate access to safe water. By 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual ~6% loss in the country’s GDP. The report illustrates:

To counter the situation, government of India launched a nationwide water conservation campaign ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan’ under the aegis of the Jal Shakti Ministry, Government of India in July this year. The campaign focuses on five aspects: 1) water conservation and rainwater harvesting; 2) renovation of traditional and other water bodies; 3) reuse of water and recharging of structures; 4) watershed development; and 5) intensive afforestation.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi flagged water as a top priority during his radio programme ‘Mann ki Baat’ and appealed to people to start a mass movement for water conservation. He urged people to come forward and contribute in conserving water and harvest rainwater during the Independence Day speech.